Home improvement

Types of Home Water Filtration Systems

According to a report by WHO, over 2 billion people worldwide use contaminated drinking water sources. This raises concern since waterborne diseases can at times be near fatal. The same report states that over 800,000 people die every year due to the consumption of contaminated water.

The state of Indiana has seen fewer water-related crises. However, water-related issues will only escalate with the dawning of environmental problems. Therefore, installing home water treatment in Fowler, IN, is the key to ensuring everyone can access safe drinking water.

Here are five of the most frequently used filtration methods.

Reverse-Osmosis Filtration System

Reverse Osmosis Systems employ a method that reverses water flow in a natural osmosis process, allowing water to move from concentrated to a much more dilute solution via a semi-permeable membrane. Pre-filters and post-filters are frequently included in the reverse osmosis membrane.

The pore size of a reverse osmosis filter is around 0.0001 micron. They effectively remove protozoa, viruses, bacteria, and chemical contaminants.


Doctors frequently advise individuals to boil their water before consuming it. This is due to the fact that boiling water destroys the vast majority of water contaminants, making it highly safe to drink.

In the same vein, distillation systems heat the water to its boiling point and then collect the vapor as it condenses. This way, many of the pollutants are left behind. Thus, distillation systems successfully remove protozoa, bacteria, viruses, and chemical pollutants.

Ultraviolet water sterilization and filtration

Basic science has taught us that sunlight kills germs. The UV spectrum employed in Ultraviolet Water Treatment Systems is present in the sun’s beams but at a considerably lower intensity. It is also known as the Germicidal Spectrum or Frequency.

The frequency at which microorganisms are killed is 254 nanometres. UV lamps used to treat water are particularly engineered to emit the highest amount of UV light at this frequency.

These filtering devices skilfully remove germs, viruses, and other potentially hazardous particles. They are, however, ineffective against chemicals.

Water softeners

Water softeners utilize ion exchange technology to remove chemicals or ions from the water in order to lower the level of hardness in the water. They can be designed to remove metals such as iron and manganese, some radioactivity, chromium, nitrates, arsenic, selenium, and sulfate, among other things.

However, they fail to filter out protozoa, bacteria, or viruses, unlike other filtration systems on this list. Nevertheless, water softeners are hugely beneficial for anyone looking to improve the quality of water they use for daily activities.

Activated carbon filter

Activated carbon filters effectively absorb organic pollutants that create taste and odor issues in water. In fact, some designs remove not just chlorination by-products but also cleaning solvents and pesticides. It is also effective at removing metals, including lead and copper.

However, it does not eliminate nitrates, germs, or dissolved minerals, making them less likely to be used for filtering drinking water.

Wrapping Up

As mentioned before, contaminated drinking water can trigger significant health issues. Thus, using a home water treatment in Fowler, IN, can help eliminate the risk that comes with consuming the same.

Moreover, with many systems such as reverse-osmosis filtration systems, distillation, UV sterilization, water softening, and activated carbon filters, one can take their pick based on the water channels most require filtration.